February 19, 2005

Principled Interventionism and Democracy

I'm attempting to flesh out my idea for an international body that would prevent and punish genocide and crimes against humanity. The fundamental tenet - that we should arrest or fight people who are a clear threat to others but not necessarily to ourselves - is the largest obstacle. Rather than delaying on that point, I've decided to try and envision the vehicle that would undertake this vision. This is by no means complete or final, but I wanted to write it out and see how it looked. For a review of my position on foreign policy regarding dictators and genocide, see the link above. I also included sections on Iraq and North Korea. I wrote almost all that stuff in February and March 2003, so it is somewhat dated. To say nothing else, it is Stoic.

Here is the new agency I'm trying to create. The working title is International Defense Coalition, because that's both correct and hasn't been soiled by some previous group. I've divided it into three branches, one for processing the information on countries, one for directing the operations of the group, and one for reconstructing countries after the engagement. Each branch has four offices, except the direcing branch which has six. The offices carry out specific functions of each branch, though at this point I expect the branches themselves to maintain staffs and directors to oversee the inferior offices. I'll have a Members Council to lead it all (somewhere between the UNGA and UNSC) with an Executive elected to provide guidance in the internal and military affairs of the group.

I have plenty of ideas that are not even hinted at in the plan, but are in my head. Others may be suggested or hinted at, but not flatly stated. I will be more specific in a longer form. I won't write out the longer schematic until I know this is the way I'd like it to look. My biggest issues are adequate staffing, clearly-delineated duties between offices and branches, avoiding a corrupt and unaccountable corporate culture, keeping the bureaucracy trimmed down, and of course providing adequate military support features. The last one is the most under-addressed right now, but I figure that's easy enough to fix in the second draft. I'm also thinking of emphasizing the media component so that we can really press the moral case for intervention - but I need to decide at what point a media effort becomes cheesy or overly self-promoting. Without further insecurity, here it is:

Liberties Watchdog Branch
- operates year-round, analyzing intel on countries
- produces annual reports on all countries and areas
- judges respect for 3 criteria: life, dissent, democracy
- investigates complaints of crimes against humanity
- notify Council on status of all invesitgations
- makes recommendations to Council for action
- oversees the four Offices that comprise the branch

Investigations Office
- liaison with member-state intel agencies
- Council holds no authority to stop investigation
- Council may order investigation undertaken
- investigates with four sources of intel:
> Member State Intel Agencies
> Complainant-Provided Evidence
> Non-Government Organizations and Media
> Non-Member State Intel Agencies
- compiles intel for internal referral within IDC
- makes recommendation to Reviews Office

Reports Office
- receives information on countries and aggressors
- analyzes intel, makes determination of threats
- judges threats to life, to dissent and to democracy
for every country, and gives overall rating
- rates life on five levels: 1-Enforces, 2-Guarantees,
3-Abuses, 4-Violates, 5-Deprives
- rates dissent on five levels: 1-Free, 2-Open,
3-Restricted, 4-Closed, 5-Unfree
- rates democracy on five levels: 1-Democratic,
2-Representative, 3-Responsive, 4-Undemocratic
5-Authoritarian
- refers reports to Reviews Office

Complaints Office
- receives complaints of crimes against humanity
- anyone may file complaint, including Council
- organizes complaints by region and aggressor
- refers complaints to Investigations Office
- catalogues complaints for Reports Office

Reviews Office
- receives recommendations from Investigations
Office and Reports Office
- makes its own recommendation for action
- uses intel from Investigations Office
- collects all available info into Review,
- presents official Review of all complaints
to Council for further action

Members Council Branch
- operates year-round, administers IDC
- every member-state holds one vote in Members Council
- holds final authority on most funding/staffing decisions
- provides leadership to IDC through votes
- elects Executive to run the Branch
- holds exclusive power to change process and structure of
IDC, but cannot alter the basic constitution of the IDC
without 4/5 approval of member-states
- starts process to stop crimes against humanity; once process
begins it cannot stop without compliance from doer-state:
> support from 3/5 of members starts intervention process
> day 0 - issue an alert to world
> day 7 - issue warning to the doer-state
> day 14 - deploy troops to standby position near doer-state
> day 18 - issue ultimatum to doer-state
> day 21 - engage & pacify doer-state
- monitors potential threats and reconstruction efforts
- oversees the 2 cmtes and 4 offices that comprise the branch

Administrations Committee
- comprised of representatives from all member-states
- performs budget and financial work for IDC
- maintains accounting and budgetary records
- administer supply requests for all IDC elements
- appoints one Ombudsman to oversee each Office, Agency,
Branch, Committee; Prime Ombudsman oversees entire IDC
- compiles balance sheet and prepares budget projections
- executes clerical duties regarding finances & hiring

Memberships Committee
- accepts and rejects applications of potential members
- potential member-states go through three stages
- stage 1: Petitioning State must show Council:
> liberal, democratic processes and institutions
> record of respect for life, dissent and democracy
- stage 2: Potential Member must legislate:
> phased-in free trade agreement with IDC member-states
> extradition treaty with all IDC member-states
- stage 3: Provisional Member must legislate:
> pledge to IDC mutual security
> pledge to punish & prevent crimes against humanity
> pledge to contribute troops and/or money to efforts
- all members must maintain appropriate ratings from the
Reports Office or 1 or 2 in each area; scoring 3, 4 or 5
causes automatic, temporary suspension of the member
- members suspended for greater than 3 months are expelled
and must redo stage 1 and stage 3 of membership
- suspends member-states for systematic violations of life,
dissent or democracy
- may lift suspension of members that halt violative acts
and pledge continued support

Executive Office
- elected by simple majority in Members Council
- 1-year term; cannot serve multiple terms consecutively
- acts as Commander-In-Chief for IDC military actions
- no country can hold the Executive two full temrs in a row
or three full terms in six terms
- breaks tied votes and may set calendar for Members Council

Communications Office
- facilitates internal and external communication
- schedules press interviews and conferences
- sends releases and reports to governments, NGOs & media
- transmits warnings and official communiques to diplomats

Ombudsmanships Office
- each Ombudsman holds jurisdiction either within one
Office or within one Branch and all its Offices,
but Prime Ombudsman investigates anything in IDC
- presents a Notice of Inquiry to Members Council
to notify of every invesitgation, except in cases
where secrecy is critical to investigation
- presents Findings of Fact to Members Council to either
accuse or acquit targets of a Notice of Inquiry
- can investigate the processes, funding and structures
of IDC bureaucracy to make recommendations to Council

Engagements Office
- maintains permanent, independent IDC military
- organizes troops contributed by member-states
- assembles troops into Special Forces elements
- manages at least several hundred troops, e.g.:
Australian or British Commandos and SAS; Canadian JTF2;
Costa Rican UIE; German GSG-9; New Zealand SAS;
Israeli Sayeret Matkal, S-13 and YAMAM; Polish GROM;
American Green Berets, Rangers, Delta Force, SEALs,
Night Stalkers, Air Commandos and Force Recon
- forms units based on common language skills
- purchases small arms, munitions and helicopters
- reliant on member-states for further air & sea support
- promulgates plans to arrest or terminate criminal leaders
- mobilizes when Council issues an alert
- deploys 14 days after an alert is issued
- engages 21 days after an alert is issued
- subsequently contacts resistance or opposition in-country
- stays in-theater during reconstruction, as support

Reconstruction Efforts Branch
- seeks out and arrests those guilty of crimes against humanity
- judges and punishes major criminals and doer-leaders
- responsible for keeping order in the victim state
- maintains the existing police and military, except criminals
- negotiates aid packages and trade deals for the victim-state
- prepares for and implements free & fair elections
- assists constitutional authors in drafting new constitution
- oversees the 4 offices that comprise the branch

Police Office
- funds the existing police in place, except criminals
- administers order and tranquility in-country
- arrests those that committed crimes against humanity

Tribunals Office
- establishes courts and tribunals to hear cases
- jurisdiction over most heinous pre-engagement crimes
- respects common law rights, including due process
- includes the death penalty as a punishment

Aid & Trade Office
- directs and targets grants, aid and loans in-country
- petitions countries and banks for debt-forgiveness
- requests tariff amnesty from non-member-states
- acts as liaison with humanitarian NGOs, charities

Democratization Office
- plans for and orchestrates free & fair elections
- trains poll workers and observers for elections
- arranges public events for political education
- disseminates student visas to locals, in coordination
with national immigration services
- establishes un-managed constitutional convention
- brings in constitutional experts, consultants, thinkers

1 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Do you have copy writer for so good articles? If so please give me contacts, because this really rocks! :)

July 03, 2010 10:29 PM  

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